Media Laws

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Media And Communication Laws In India

The evolution of the Media and Communication Laws in India has been greatly influenced by the history of British colonization in India. The first Media and Communication Law in India dates back to 1799 when Lord Wellesley passed the Press Regulation. It imposed pre-censorship on the newspaper publishing industry. The Press Act of 1835 annulled all the previous repressive laws on media and communication. Then came the gagging Act on 18th June 1857. It introduced compulsory licensing for the owning or running of printing presses, empowered the government to prohibit the publication or circulation of any newspaper, book or other printed material and banned the publication or dissemination of statements or news stories which had a tendency to cause furor against the government, thereby undermining its authority.

The Press and Registration of Books Act was passed in 1867 and till today this Act is in force. The Vernacular Press Act of 1878 was promulgated by General Lord Litton, which authorized the government to repress the publication of seditious writings and to impose punitive sanctions on printers and publishers failing to conform the law. The Newspapers (incitement to offences) Act was passed in 1908 with the initiation of Lord Minto to prohibit publication deemed to incite rebellion.

Legal articles focusing on Communications Media Law

Email Defamation

Email has become a part of our everyday life. Things you might never say face to face, or even over the telephone, are easily communicated to others through email. Often times an email received by one person is forwarded to a host of other parties in a sender’s email address book without regards to

Telephone Harassment

Harassing phone calls occur when a caller intends to annoy, harass or threaten you by various means. Telephone harassment is a criminal misdemeanor in many states. You should contact the police if you are receiving harassing phone calls.

Photography or Video Taping Consent

While people have a right to videotape and take photographs, they should obey laws protecting their subjects from invasion of privacy and laws that prohibit the use of cameras in certain places or during certain situations. It’s best to obtain the subject’s permission or consent to be photographed.

Recording Telephone Calls and Wiretapping

May you record a telephone call? Federal and state laws control the legality of recording telephone calls and an illegal recording may be considered wiretapping or eavesdropping. When does recording become warrantless surveillance?